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Primary Academy


History Curriculum Intent:

We aim for our children to leave our school with the ability to understand the chronological events of history alongside significant people who have made an impact on our society today. We would hope this approach to our history curriculum, with the guidance of the National Curriculum, will help cultivate our children to become well-rounded individuals.

Our history curriculum believes that learning about significant events and people throughout history will lay the foundations of an enquiring and curious mind. By exposing our children to a wide range of historical knowledge and interpretations, we aim for them to question and develop their own ideas and opinions.

Our local area has a rich and diverse history. This is incorporated into our history curriculum. By studying our local areas, we can begin to develop an understanding of how lives for people today are influenced by the past and help the children form those connections. 

By providing a diverse and engaging history curriculum, we hope to give children the opportunities to explore and expand their own interests in history. We provide the children with the foundation for them to build upon themselves.

We believe our curriculum provides nurture for our children through a variety of different ways: exposure to history that they can relate to, promoting their own interests and valuing their opinions.

Nurture is embedded in our history curriculum by allowing pupils to make connections to their own identities from events and periods in history.

Curiosity is immersed in our history curriculum through children being given opportunities to be able to enquire, explore and develop their knowledge of significant periods.

Diversity is a foundation of our history curriculum; the children are given the opportunity to make connections between local, regional, national and international history. Additionally, considering cultural, economic, political and religious influences.

Ambition can be found in our curriculum through giving children the opportunity to learn about important aspects of history which thus drives their motivation to extend their own knowledge further.


Our History scheme of work aims to inspire pupils to be curious and creative thinkers who develop a complex knowledge of local and national history and the history of the wider world.  We want pupils to develop the confidence to think critically, ask questions, and be able to explain and analyse historical evidence.

We aim to build an awareness of significant events and individuals in global, British and local history and recognise how things have changed over time. History will support children to appreciate the complexity of people’s lives, the diversity of societies and the relationships between different groups. Studying History allows children to appreciate the many reasons why people may behave in the way they do, supporting children to develop empathy for others while providing an opportunity to learn from mankind’s past mistakes. The scheme aims to support pupils in building their understanding of chronology in each year group, making connections over periods of time and developing a chronologically-secure knowledge of History.

We hope to develop pupils’ understanding of how historians study the past and construct accounts and the skills to carry out their own historical enquiries.  In order to prepare pupils for their future learning in History, our scheme aims to introduce them to key substantive concepts including power, invasion, settlement and migration, empire, civilisation, religion, trade, achievements of humankind, society and culture. 

Kapow Primary’s History scheme of work enables pupils to meet the end of Key stage attainment  targets in the National curriculum and the aims also align with those set out in the National Curriculum.

Over the course of the scheme, children develop their understanding of the following key disciplinary
• Change and continuity.
• Cause and consequence.
• Similarities and differences.
• Historical significance.
• Historical interpretations.
• Sources of evidence.

These concepts will be encountered in different contexts during the study of local, British and world history. Accordingly, children will have varied opportunities to learn how historians use these skills to analyse the past and make judgements. They will confidently develop and use their own  historical skill set. As children progress through the Kapow scheme, they will create their own
historical enquiries to study using sources and the skills they have developed.

Substantive concepts such as power, trade, invasion and settlement, are introduced in Key stage 1,
clearly identified in Lower key stage 2 and revisited in Upper key stage 2 (see Progression of skills and
knowledge) allowing knowledge of these key concepts to grow. These concepts are returned to in
different contexts, meaning that pupils begin to develop an understanding of these abstract themes
which are crucial to their future learning in History.


The expected impact of following the Kapow History scheme of work is that children will:
● Know and understand the history of Britain, how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world.
● Develop an understanding of the history of the wider world, including ancient civilisations, empires, non-European societies and the achievements of mankind.
● Develop a historically-grounded understanding of substantive concepts - power, invasion, settlement and migration, civilisation, religion, trade, achievements of mankind and society.
● Form historical arguments based on cause and effect, consequence, continuity and change, similarity and differences.
● Have an appreciation for significant individuals, inventions and events that impact our world both in history and from the present day.
● Understand how historians learn about the past and construct accounts.
● Ask historically-valid questions through an enquiry-based approach to learning to create structured accounts.
● Explain how and why interpretations of the past have been constructed using evidence.
● Make connections between historical concepts and timescales.
● Meet the end of key stage expectations outlined in the National curriculum for History